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What is an Eavesdropping Attack, One of the biggest challenges of network eavesdropping attacks is that they are difficult to detect. Network eavesdropping attacks, also known as network snooping attacks or network snooping, occur when malicious actors take advantage of unsecured network connections to compromise data while it is being connected, just as someone eavesdrops on. In a conversation between two people, network eavesdropping involves listening in on conversations across network components, including servers, computers, smartphones, or other connected devices.


What is an Eavesdropping Attack



How do network eavesdropping attacks work?


In-network eavesdropping attacks, hackers look for weak connections between clients and servers, those that are not encrypted, or those that use outdated hardware or software or have malware installed via social engineering. It crosses the network, and a hacker can read any network, web, or email traffic if it's not encrypted.


Oftentimes, hackers install eavesdropping software, and these legitimate applications are often used by security teams, to monitor and analyze network traffic to discover problems and vulnerabilities, however, these applications can also be used by malicious actors to discover and exploit the same vulnerabilities.


Types of network eavesdropping attacks


Network eavesdropping attacks can be passive or active, as in a passive eavesdropping attack, in which the hacker or eavesdropper gathers information only about its target, and the data is never altered, VoIP eavesdropping is an example of a passive eavesdropping attack It is a Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) technology, during eavesdropping on (VoIP), the hacker or eavesdropper will infiltrate the network through a compromised (VoIP) device or through a part of the (VoIP) infrastructure, such as the switch, cable or the Internet, where he will listen to calls (VoIP) not encrypted.


Network eavesdropping attack prevention


Encryption


It encrypts email, networks, and communications, as well as data in a state of sleep, used, and moving, in this way, even if the data is intercepted, the hacker will not be able to decrypt it without the encryption key or wireless encryption, as all web-based communications must be used (HTTPS), however, is that although most data can be encrypted, metadata of network traffic, such as endpoints and IP addresses, can still be collected by an eavesdropper.


Authentication


It is intended to authenticate incoming packets, which is a key to preventing spoofed packets that are used to commit spoofing (IP) or MAC address spoofing attacks, which is the medium's access control address, and the use of standards and protocols that provide authentication, and it also includes most encryption protocols, such as (TLS) ) which is an SSL protocol and a multipurpose Secure Internet Mail add-on.


Network Monitoring


This network constantly monitors network security teams for abnormal activity using intrusion detection systems or endpoint detection and response software. Security teams must also use the same sniffer software that nefarious actors use to discover network weaknesses.


Awareness and security best practices


educate employees about the dangers of eavesdropping attacks and best practices to guard against them Because many eavesdropping attacks involve malware, we advise employees never to click on links or download files they are unfamiliar with, strong passwords can prevent being changed Frequently attackers have access with compromised credentials, too, telling employees to avoid public (Wi-Fi) networks, networks that contain readily available passwords, if any, are highly vulnerable to eavesdropping attacks.


Network fragmentation


Network fragmentation can put certain data out of the hacker’s reach, for example, separate critical infrastructure from financial and HR applications, and separate them all from the guest network, if one segment is compromised, the hacker will not be able to access the other parts.


Security Techniques


Firewalls, VPNs, and malware are necessary to thwart eavesdropping attacks. Using packet filtering, configure routers and firewalls to reject packets with spoofed addresses.