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Best Programming languages for IoT development 2022?

The Internet of Things continues to thrive in the tech industry, as we often imagined that we would be able to navigate driverless vehicles such as self-driving cars that can navigate city streets without guidance from anyone. And this has become a reality today, and if you were wondering how these smart things work The answer is the Internet of Things (IoT).


Best Programming languages for IoT development?



The goal of IoT technology


The goal of IoT technology is to connect different devices with each other and collect different data from these devices in order to measure. Collect and analyze data to provide a better customer experience and improve product quality, in other words, its job is to make our cities, homes, and companies work better. you can read more about IoT in this article.


Development under different constraints:


For each of the three stages of measurement, collection, and analysis, according to various different working techniques with a set of different controls and rules, and therefore each stage in the software development chain has a different programming language for the Internet of Things. where (Eclipse) has been working since 2015 to survey the opinions of developers working in Internet development companies Things around the world to understand the general landscape, challenges, and trends in this field, a survey of Internet of things developers was conducted and the survey revealed that (Java) is the most popular language with 66.5%, followed by C language with 56.9%, then comes (JavaScript) and then (Python) with 47.1% and 46%, respectively.


What are the Best Programming Languages for Internet of Things Development:


Let's explain what makes the programming languages (JavaScript), (C), (Java) and (Python) among the top 4 languages for programming the Internet of Things today.


Java language:


The Java language is widely used in the world of programming, and with regard to IoT technologies, developers can choose the capabilities of the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). which is an acronym (Java Virtual Machine) specialized in the code added to any device chip in the Internet of Things. The use of the code is both in environments where JVM use is widespread such as smartphones and servers, as well as in the smallest of devices, making it ideal for IoT software.


C language:


At the hardware level, computing power is usually very limited, and here the C language comes in with the solution because it is the ideal programming language for writing low-level code. i.e. code close to the hardware layer, and it does not require a large processor power. , which is able to work directly with random access memory (RAM), is also a common language for programming microcontrollers, making it the ideal language for sensor applications. However, since C is a low-level language, it can quickly get messy if developers can't use it properly.


JavaScript Language:


Many would expect that the use of JavaScript is limited to web pages, the popularity of the language makes it a popular choice for use in IoT technologies, as 31.5% of developers participated in the survey. indicated that they use (Node.js) framework Programmed using JavaScript in their projects, this means that even if most of the Node.js code runs on large machines, there are some efforts to adapt it to smaller machines. For example, both (Espruino) and (Tessel) are microcontrollers (JavaScript) that are built around the (Node.js) framework, and this makes things easier for web developers to work on IoT projects without being forced to learn a new language.


Python language:


Python is the preferred programming language for one of the most popular microcontrollers on the market, the Raspberry Pi.


What distinguishes Python is that it is one of the easy-to-learn high-level programming languages, especially with the availability of many different references that make it easier for those interested in learning it. and it is also widely used in many primary schools, where many consider it as an entrance to learning computer programming, It is also strongly supported by the developer community.

The great thing about Python is that there are versions designed to be smaller. For example, we have the MicroPython board and its bundle of software, which is a small console dedicated to running (Python) on a small circuit board no larger than a few inches.


Swift language:


Although the (Swift) language is still used mainly in application programming for (Apple) devices specialized in operating systems (iOS). the proliferation and popularity of these devices mean that they will usually become part of the Internet of Things revolution, and if you want to The devices you want to design to interact with your iPhone or iPad, so maybe you should learn how to build your apps using Swift.